The Concept of Education and Culture in Multicultural Societies
Zeynel Polat & Sema Kevser Yanar
English Language Teaching Department, Tishk International University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Published: February 22, 2023
Multicultural education is a social concept in which certain and known aspects of cultural change as an indicator of being different are given to students in the social environment, at school and even in the classroom, in societies that contain different cultures. A new way of conceptualizing discrimination in multicultural settings is emerging. In this case, the presence of ethnic groups, which are clearly visible due to socioeconomic differences, together with factors such as skin color, mother tongue with which they communicate, religious and national values, reactions and behaviors in the face of events, shows the need for special education. The existence of ethnic groups that are clearly differentiated due to socioeconomic differences along with skin color, mother tongue, religious values and behaviors, along with all these and other factors, is the difference in the need for a ‘special education’. As a result of this training, it emerges as a new way of conceptualizing the discrimination practiced in schools. As a result of this, whether we want it or not, discrimination based on cultural difference comes to the fore in multicultural and multilingual societies. Gender and class differences distinguish those belonging to different cultural groups from dominant societies. Even if they are different, they continue their lives together in a logical way. In this study, we will present multicultural education in precisely different ways from the perspective of a discipline such as anthropology education (a sub-discipline of the general body of social and cultural anthropology). The analysis of different ways of understanding multicultural education will be carried out through the basic concept of cultural and social anthropology, the concept of culture.
Key Words: Cultural change, religious and national values, ethnic groups, cultural education