Factors that Hinder the Development of EFL Learners’ Speaking Skill 

Zainab Nizar Karam 1& Mowafaq Muhammed Al Kassab 2   

1Department of Continuing Education Center, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq 

2Department of Mathematics Education, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq   

Correspondence: Mowafaq Muhammed Al Kassab, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq.   

Email: [email protected]  

Published: February 22, 2023


Nowadays, the wide spread of the English language has led to the importance of mastering four skills of the language, in particular speaking skills. Despite the importance of speaking skills, a large number of EFL learners still have issues in communicating and using the language whether inside their classrooms or in their daily lives. Hence, a quantitative study was designed to investigate the factors that can impede the improvement of the speaking skills of EFL learners. The study included 92 participants from Tishk International University (TIU) studying in Education, Pharmacy, Nursing, and Medical Analysis faculties. The results of the questionnaire showed that motivation, personality, attitudes towards English language teachers (AET), classroom environment and instructional media (CEIM), and attitudes towards English language (ATEL) have a significant difference towards the improvement of the speaking skills. The results of this study will be beneficial for teachers to focus on these factors and improve their teaching methods in ways that help the learners improve their speaking skills. 

Keywords: Factors, Speaking, Improvement, Hinder, EFL learners  

DOI: 10.23918/vesal2023v50