Justification of Parental Violence – A Cross country Analysis Evidences from World Values Survey- Variances based on Gender, Age, and Education  

Sultana Begum & Aziza Kavulu

English Language Teaching Department, Tishk International University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Email: [email protected]  

Published: February 22, 2023


Every Society experiences violence in some way or other. Domestic violence is one of the most common and neglected violence. Research proves that domestic violence has significant short- and long-term impacts on children’s physical, emotional, cognitive, behavioral and social developmental processes. Some international studies have shown that 80-90% of children around the world have been physically punished within the family. In this regard the researchers aim to explore to what extent the parental violence is justified across the nations around the world taking the data from the seventh wave of values survey conducted during 2017 to 2021 in around 51 countries. The research also aims to explore the variance based on gender, age and education. SPSS version 26 was used to analyze the data. Mean values, Mann- Whitney U Test and Kruskal Wallis test were the tools used to explore the variance based on gender, age and education. Among the 86,820 total respondents from 59 countries, 41,245 were male respondents and 45,575 female respondents. The major finding includes there is statistically significant variance exists between male and female respondents as well as different age groups and education levels of the respondents. There was inverse relationship between age group and education level with the justification of violence. The research concludes that male respondents justify more than the female respondents, younger age justify more than the older age of the respondents and the lower educated respondents justify more than the higher educated group. The research has implications for some policy making through recommendations. 

Key Words: Parental Violence, Gender, Age, Education, World Values Survey 

DOI: 10.23918/vesal2023v44