Distinctiveness of Juncture in English and Central Kurdish

Pakhshan I. Hamad

College of Education, Salahaddin University- Erbil

[email protected]


The    present    study    attempts    to    find    out    the    distinctiveness    of juncture (pauses  within  words,  phrases  and  sentences)  in  English  and central  Kurdish. Juncture  is  the  relationship  between  one  sound  and  the sounds that immediately precede and follow it. It is amorphophonemic phenomenon with double signification, a suprasegmental phoneme which changes  the  meaning  and  is  important  for phonological  descriptions  of languages. The aim of this study is to see how juncture affects the meaning of words, phrases and sentences. Slow or rapid speech can also determine the  use of  juncture  which  marks  the  break  between  sounds  and  the phonological boundary  of  words,  phrases  or  sentences.  However,  the ambiguity  of  meaning  resulting  from  the  placement  of  juncture  can  be solved by context. Stress placement on certain words also affects the use of  juncture  and leads  to a  change in  meaning.  In  this study, English  and Central  Kurdish  junctures  were  identified  within  words,  phrases  and sentences. Based on the data collected and presented, it was found out that juncture  in  English  is  distinctive  at  all  levels,  namely,  simple  words, phrases and sentences. In Central Kurdish, however, juncture is distinctive in  compound  words  and  sentences. As  for  the  sentence  level,  because Kurdish is  an  agglutinative language, there  are  cases  where  the  pause or juncture is closely related to the morphological structure of the words and the personal clitics and prefixes added to the end. As for theimplications of  the  results  in  the  field  of  practice,  teachers  must  take  these  into consideration  while  teaching  stress ,  intonation and other  aspects  of connected speech.

Keywords: Distinctiveness , Juncture in English, Juncture in Kurdish

Doi: 10.23918/vesal2022a33