The Effects of Code-switching on Teaching English from EFL Students’ Perspectives
Sangar Othman Ibrahim
Department of English, College of Languages, Salahaddin University- Erbil
The main purpose of this study is to shed light on the effects of code-switching in teaching. The main research questions of this study are what are the main purposes and benefits of code-switching in teaching? To obtain data, for this study an open-ended questionnaire is used. The participants are 120 senior students at Salahaddin University-Erbil/ College of Languages and College of Education/ English Departments and Lebanese French University/ College of Languages and College of Education/ English Departments. The senior students were required only to take part in the questionnaire intentionally because when students reach the final year of their study at university; they know and understand very well in what year at university while studying the students will need to switch codes from the language of instruction to the their mother tongue. To analyse the obtained data, the mixed methods research approach involving both quantitative and qualitative methods was used by the researcher. This study concluded that code-switching has some advantages for the fresher students; they switch codes from the target language to their mother tongue because of some reasons. First, they do not want to face misunderstanding when they are in communication with their instructors in teaching and learning. Second, fresher students switch codes when they want to focus on some information. Third, they switch codes not to interrupt the discussion. Fourth, they switch codes for using of the native equivalent words in the target language. Fifth, performing code-switching in teaching helps fresher students to learn new words and terms easily and quickly in the target language. Sixth, when fresher students are allowed to switch codes, many of them are involved in daily activities. However, it should be noted that code-switching should not be done when the fresher students pass the first year because, if this happens in last years of the study; students are unable to learn and use the language of the instruction at their departments academically and perfectly. Therefore, code-switching should be done in the first year of the study, but accurately and carefully.
Keywords: Code-switching, Teaching, Instruction method