Online Assessment Challenges: Validity, Practicality and Reliability 

Venera Ulker

Department of English Language Teaching, Faculty of Education, Tishk International University

[email protected]


Online education nowadays is a worldwide accepted norm, however there are a lot of questions around online assessment. The main concern of educators is reliability, validity, and practicality of online assessment. This research article aims to provide ideas for developing the curriculum of the teacher training programs for creating and administering online assessment. The research emphasizes the importance of professional training in assessment literacy in general and online assessment in particular providing the balance between the learning outcomes, course content, and assessment using digital assessment tools. The mixed-method research is used to examine the current online assessment practices. To further explore and understand the online assessment needs this study provides an insight of the year 2020-2021 syllabi and assessment samples from faculty of education in one of the private universities in Erbil. The findings reveal the opportunities and the challenges of online assessment and provide suggestions for educators and other stakeholders to improve online assessment creation, application and utilization of the assessment results.  

Keywords: online assessment, validity, reliability, practicality, digital assessment tools

Doi: 10.23918/vesal2022a43