Research Title: Multi-Access key of Iraqi Apiaceae

Author: Dr. Hadeel R. Al-Newani, Dr. Alia Essam Alubadi, Dr. Sukeyna Abaas Aliway, Khitam Ali Obaid, Rana Azeez Hameed and Dr. Rawaa Abdul Al-meer Abdul-jabbar

Abstract: The multi-access key is an identification taxonomic key uses a data matrix of plant genera and combination of characters to provide a code of 11 features for each genera, a 68 genera were tested in this key, ex. ACHIKMQRUVY is a formula which each letter is represented a morphological characters this means, white or pink flowers, basal leaves simple, fruit length more than 3 times the width, fruit surface covered with hairs, bristle, mericarp flat, bracteole simple, petiolar collar absent, annual, compound umbel, stem solid, stem hairy going through the key will be found this formula belong to the genus Ainsworthia. This key is unique to this plant family comparing with those of China and Turkey which emphasis on the morphological characters of Iraqi plant individuals which are usually differentiated from other individuals that belong to the same species in different countries. This multi-entry key is proven to overcome the problems in dichotomous keys and be very helpful to identify the genera of this complex family, especially in the field work. This research is implemented in the labs of Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh by using Excel software and examining 300 herbarium sheets. The present study revealed 164 species of Apiaceae in Iraq through 68 genera, in addition to the nomenclature treatment of the checklist of transferred and nontransferred species of Iraqi Apiaceae as 7 species have been decided to be include or excluded to other genera like Apium nodiflorium have been positioned again in Helosciadium, Trachydium depressum Boiss included in the genus Pseudotrachydium. On the other hand, Scaligeria assyriaca Freyn and Bornm transferred to Korshinskya Lipsky. Turgeniopsis Boiss excluded to Glochidotheca Fenzyl. While the genus Pituranthos transformed to Deverra. Beside, inserting the species Heracleum lasiopetalum Boiss.as a synonym name to the species Tetrataenium lasiopetalum (Boiss). In his treatment of the genus Smyrniopsis, species Smyrniopsis cachroides Boiss. To Petroedmondia asyriacca (Boiss.) Tamamsch. However, this work is considered firstly done in Iraq.

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doi:10.23918/ICASEE2018.08

Proceeding Book of ICASEE

ISBN: 978-9922-9036-1-3

5th year , 7 – 9th April, 2018

Conference Issue