Research Title: Antimicrobial Efficacy of Erodium glaucophyllum (L.) L. Hér. extracts

Author: Sirwan Saleh

Abstract: Antimicrobial efficacy of Erodium glaucophyllum L. extracts (aqueous, ethanol
and methanol) growing in middle of and north Iraq against tow positive gram bacteria
(Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus lactis), tow gram negative species (Escherichia coli and
Proteus mirabilis) and four fungi species (Microsprum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes,
Pencillium chrysogenum and Fusarium oxysporeum) was investigated, tannins and flavonoids
contents by using HPLC technique and extracts of glycosides and tannin with their biological
effectiveness against studied microbes was identified. The results showed that the impact of
the ethanol extracts with a diameter of 16.33 mm, as well methanol with 16.05 mm and
glycosides with 16.27mm diameter were the most effective against the studied bacteria
compared to the other studied extracts, all the studied extracts showed no significant
differences in their effectiveness against examined fungi, likewise it revealed that there was
a difference in the concentration of active studied compounds according to the environment
conditions (geographical location) and according to the difference in a plant parts, the rutin
showed the highest concentration in flower parts at 1.93ppm compared to the rest
compounds and the studied plant part.

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doi:10.23918/ICASEE2018.02

Proceeding Book of ICASEE

ISBN: 978-9922-9036-1-3

5th year , 7 – 9th April, 2018

Conference Issue