Dr. Dilshad H. Khdhir
International Relations & Diplomacy Department, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq
Email: [email protected]
(Full Paper)

Despite the legal, political and practical ambiguities around it, the Safe Havens in Iraq may have marked the end of a long period of non-intervention that characterized the Cold War era. As for the first time in the 20th century, the international community tolerated a military intervention in another ‘sovereign state’ under the pretext of ‘humanitarian intervention’. The case, with its shortcomings, marked a new era in the international relations that followed the collapse of the bipolar international system which, had been blamed for the enduring legacy of non-intervention even in the most appalling human rights violations of the time. Therefore, the Safe Havens marked a start of a new era of military intervention in the 1990s and later, whether successful or not, in Somalia (1992), Bosnia (1995), Kosovo (1999), East Timor (1999-2000) and others.

Keywords: Humanitarian intervention, Iraqi Kurd, Northern Iraq, human rights.

ISBN 978-0-9962570-9-1

Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics
Tishk International University